Tuesday, May 26, 2020

The Pain of Samples of Persuasive Essay

The Pain of Samples of Persuasive Essay Don't forget, your article should be cohesive, and a great draft will help you in achieving it. There are several intriguing topics which might be become a persuasive composition should you take the opportunity to consider doing it. Figure out what it is you're supposed to do. The Samples of Persuasive Essay Pitfall It is better to conduct more essays to obtain the latest facts and statistics on mass murders in schools and colleges, which may be related to violent video games. The success of the entire essay directly depends upon how good you present the supporting facts. Firstly, it's critical to keep in mind that writing a superior work demands thorough research and finding reliable sources. If you need assistance writing a persuasive essay outline, attempt to obtain a couple of sample works on the internet associated with your topic. A decisive action has to be taken by all stakeholders to halt the way we pollute the surroundings. When you revise your essay, you've got to make sure its organization is totally appropriate to your intended audience, the paper context, and the objective. Many people have a tendency to think that eradicating illegal immigration is impossible and that it cannot do the job. Freedom of speech has been a vital ingredient in the maturation of a just and reasonable society that's free from all sorts of subjugation. The Unusual Secret of Samples of Persuasive Essay Exactly like in a written essay, you will need to choose what you want to explain or argue. If you're not happy with your essay, you're sure to have a comprehensive refund! What's a persuasive essay. Persuasive essays share a great deal of resemblance with argumentative essays. There are a great deal of intriguing persuasive speech topics that you find it possible to utilize in your next academic assignment, but you must make certain that your essay is applicable to the subject you're studying. There are a lot of persuasive essay examples college students are able to make use of online. If you wish to make sure your college essay has no plagiarism, it's possible to easily do it free with the integrated Plagiarism Checker. Writing a persuasive essay requires a lot of time and energy. The outcome of the expedition showed lots of valuable details. No matter what you do or write you always require a program. A superb essay demands an entire bunch of planning and research, and thus do not hurry it. Furthermore, a very good descriptive essay template will help you in your writing process because it shows you the precise place you will need to put your points. Do not neglect to be aware the source for each evidence you're likely to utilize in your paper. The debut of your paper will serve as its opening point. A widely used industry estimate for the typical investment to make the master copy of a university textbook is $750,000 (Esposito). The most regularly encountered paper writing se rvice that most of our customers require is essay writing. The Tried and True Method for Samples of Persuasive Essay in Step by Step Detail If you're thinking you will require a person to compose my essay at the present time, you may merely rely on our honest reviews. What's more, there are particular matters you must follow together with things that you wish to set in your essay. Additional there are particular things which you ought to follow and things you wish to set in your essay. If you obtain essay on the internet, you've got to find a bigger prospect of passing well. The Samples of Persuasive Essay Pitfall Without a thesis, it's impossible that you present a productive argument. What is a great instance of a persuasive essay. As soon as your writing is finished, make certain to have an editor review your essay for you. There are many steps which you ought to take in order to compose a superb essay. The simplest approach to compose an excellent persuasive essay is to chose a topic you're confident in. When it isn't interesting you aren't very very likely to compose a great persuasive essay since there'll be nothing you will have the ability to persuade readers of. Samples of Persuasive Essay: the Ultimate Convenience! The main goal of any therapy ought to be to teach children accept and overcome their previous traumas and move forward despite their distressing experience. Despite the fact that a descriptive essay lets you use common senses to spell out an event, experience, and an object, writing descriptive essay template will be different based on the type of project you're handling. It's not recommended that you write whenever your mind isn't settled. It's important to see that essay subjects a re simply basic notions that leave you considering an idea that might be a large deal to another individual. Thus, persuasive essay encompasses a great deal of requirements that ought to be upheld. Perhaps you might have heard of it. If you need an example written by means of a student check out our vast assortment of absolutely free student models. Essay is one of the most popular. Writing essay may be a true headache including each one of the research and meeting academic standards. Writing an essay is a critical role in academe life. It is an essential role in academe life. Good persuasive essays incorporate strong statements that show the readers what position you take concerning the subject, and what type of supporting facts you're likely to present. Unlike topics for middle school or higher school, excellent college topics are somewhat more challenging to discover. To choose which subject you're most likely to discuss, it's crucial to find the comprehensive select ion of good persuasive speech topics from the particular region of study. Most academic essay topics usually ask you to select a side in an argument or maybe to defend a specific side against criticism. Who Else Wants to Learn About Samples of Persuasive Essay? The first thing you ought to learn about a persuasive essay is the easy actuality that you're in a place to pick your own type of structure. Moreover, each persuasive reason you offer ought to be supported by means of a fact or an example. Every individual has the right to enhance their physical appearance and be happy and we haven't any say in somebody else's decisions. You should have your reasons, and our principal concern is that you wind up getting an excellent grade. Persuasive writing is quite typical in advertising where marketing professionals attempt to convince you to purchase something. Thus the expense to even create the book in the very first place is extremely large. There are various companies and met hods to purchase used books which range from amazon, eBay, to the campus bookstore. Some ideas to remember when buying a used book is that the global versions of textbooks are generally the exact same as the US version and cost a whole lot less.

Friday, May 15, 2020

Teaching and Philosophy - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 995 Downloads: 8 Date added: 2019/06/14 Category Education Essay Level High school Tags: Philosophy Of Education Essay Did you like this example? I have been an early childhood teacher for many years. My style of teaching and my philosophy have grown with me. I no longer frown at the bunch time reading interruptions as I once did. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Teaching and Philosophy" essay for you Create order I now see them as the children being interested and intrigued by the story. I no longer control how much glue can come out of a bottle, yes it will take a week to dry a natural consequence with a lesson learned. And I no longer ask children to sit and do ABC worksheets that are anything but developmentally appropriate. I allow for instinct to prevail with writing pads and accessories available all around the classroom. In my opinion, the best education a child can receive is one based on the holistic approach where the teaching consists of the physical, emotional and psychological well-being of a child. In holistic education, the teacher is seen as a mentor or a friend instead of the person who knows all the answers. The curriculum is based on the childrens interest, and the families are invited to share their in-depth knowledge of the individual family culture. The classroom is inviting, honest communication is expected, and the differences between people are respected and appreciated, cooperation is the focus rather than competition. The classroom should support multiple ways of learning: auditory, visual, kinesthetic and logical/analytical. The auditory learner remembers information by talking aloud and needs to have things explained orally, and often enjoys talking in groups over working alone. I would support this learner with regular conversation. The visual learner assimilates through watching. They remember visual details and prefer to see what they are learning. I would physically show them how to do something. Kinesthetic learners like to be eagerly involved in the learning process. They learn best through hands-on activities and want to touch things to learn about them. For them, I would make sure the classroom had many hands-on experiences. For the analytical learner, they learn through exploring patterns and understanding how things relate to each other. Classroom ideas to support them would include knowing how things work and allowing for lots of questions so they can understand how things are interco nnected. Every child learns through a variety of these learning styles. For the children to be successful, there needs to be a balance of all these approaches. I believe that children learn best if the curriculum is based on their interests. Daily I observed the childrens interests and expanded on them, making sure the classroom environment is engaging and inviting with a hands-on approach. Using developmentally appropriate practices (DAP) in my curriculum, I would maintain age-appropriate expectations, provide each child with a right amount of challenge, support, sensitivity, and stimulation that promotes development and learning. The NAEYC position statement on DAP states All teaching practices should be appropriate to childrens age and developmental status, attuned to them as unique individuals, and responsive to the social and cultural contexts in which they live. Following that account, the classroom structure should support itself. For a classroom to run smoothly, the families need to be involved. I would work toward building strong and trusting relationships with both the children and their families. When the parents know I genuinely care about them, they begin to open up and share more about their joys and struggles in life. As the relationships grow, a strong sense of community is built. They come to trust me, and I come to trust them. When the children see this connection, it allows them to become more comfortable in the classroom, and before long we see each other as an extended family which supports a wonderful nurturing teacher-child-family relationship. As an experienced teacher in this field, I deeply value the importance of other professionals. Having the ability to work as a team and knowing how to accept expert advice not only helps the child, it improves the care I provide in the classroom. From the speech, physical and occupational therapists to the behavioral specialist I would not be able to do my job in supporting children without working with them and relying on their knowledge. The help they provide and the information they share is an invaluable asset to me as a teacher. What I learn from them teaches me how to offer support to all the children in my care, not just those with special needs. Often the best support comes from my colleagues. With many years of experience in various roles, with multitudes of children, my fellow teachers and often directors have not only their experience to rely upon but the answers I am often seeking. They are such an excellent resource that often gets overlooked. It should be encouraged tha t teachers get reflective guidance at every staff meeting. Collectively it could solve a lot of concerns with children when staff can toss around ideas to best help a situation. I believe children are capable of learning, exploring, problem-solving, loving and communicating. They are truly amazing beings. If there are few limitations put on them, their abilities are endless. As a teacher, I learn something new every day as I work with children, something about myself and always something about them. Children deserve a learning environment that offers a safe, integrated space where play, freedom of movement, developmentally appropriate materials and practices, positive reinforcement, and educated, caring teachers are readily available. I want the values in the classroom to reflect a positive outlook on life, appreciating even the smallest of creatures to the biggest of imaginations. I will continue to teach from a place of deep love and respect for the littlest in our society as it is what brings me to this calling. At the end of our time together I would hope to leave each child with a love of learning, a sense of wonder, a sense of community and joy in their heart. Only when successful would feel as if I deserved the title of Teacher.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Implications to the Pursuit of Prosperity - 1770 Words

The Implications to the Pursuit of Prosperity It would be an understatement to summarize the late 18th century western world as changing; in the midst of revolution, rather, might offer a more appropriate summation for the day’s context. This period in history marked some of the utmost significant transformations and insurrections ever to rock western society. The Industrial Revolution, namely, brought industrialization to new heights while the American and the French Revolutions combatted monarchy successfully establishing democratic governments. These developmental episodes rejected the status-quo giving rise to a new modern capitalistic society the world knows well in this present age. However, this new social environment in the late 1700s presented uncharted maps for the citizens of society and newly formed governments. Naturally individuals carried a new found freedom without the reigns of monarchy holding them back and individuals could pursue wealth free from oppressing tyrants dictating. Societies were surging wit h their freedom, herein, giving rise to industrial innovations and opening vast economic potential. However, by the same token, no one could quantify what factors fulfilled economic potential and public policy positioned itself aimlessly as governments were simply naà ¯ve with regards to economic science. Markedly, it wasn’t until Adam Smith, a Scotsman, published An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations which was released in 1776 thatShow MoreRelatedPresident Obamas Speech817 Words   |  4 Pageshe and his administration are facing in the next four year. In paragraph two he mentions the term â€Å"we the People† in his sentence as an implication of and our government. 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Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Personnel Management and Human Resource Management

Question: Explain differences between Personnel Management and Human Resource Management in two organizations. Answer: The differences between the two type of concepts human resources management and the personnel management can be seen in the two organization of UK. The industry chosen for the purpose is the hotel industry. The two hotels considered are The Angel Hotel and The Milestone Hotel. There is an HR department in The Angel Hotel and Personnel management in The Milestone Hotel. This would help distinguishing the two types of aspects of employee management. The concept of HR Management is the most innovative version of the personnel management. The Personnel management followed by Milestone Hotel helps in revealing that the philosophy related to the top management towards the engagement of the labour force in the work. This will help in getting deeper conviction as to the important people in the organization. The incorporation of the personnel development will help in the maximum development of the individual employees. The employer will be careful in the developing individual personality (Arm strong 2012). The employees they differ and so the management recognises the ability of the individuals and this ability will be utilised in the effective manner. The drawback back of the personnel management would involve the traditional approach where the focus is on the employees welfare, labour relations and personnel administration. The human resources management of Angel hotel involves focusing on the development, acquisition, motivation and maintaining of the human resources in the organization. In case of the Personnel management, the hotel The Mile Stone will be including more of the administrative task (Milestonehotel.com 2016). The Personal manager in the hotel will play the role of the mediator between employees and the management in the hotel Mile Stone. In case of Angel hotel, the HRM goes beyond the administrative task of the personnel management and this helps in encompassing a broad vision on the management of the resources. This helps in contributing success in the organization. The personal management in the Hotel Milestone would involve division of labour, which is a drawback as the employees will be monotonous doing the same work repeatedly. The HR management in Angel Hotel would be focusing on the group or the teamwork. Thus, it can be seen that the focus of HRM denotes in the tuning of the needs of the modern organization. The concentration of HRM in the Hotel Angel would be concentrating on the monitoring, planning and controlling of the resources but in case of Personnel, management there is mediating between the employees and the management. The differences in the two concepts needs to be studied in the light of the management of people through time and through the industry perspective (Armstrong 2014). Table: Differences in the Personnel Management and Human Resources management (Source: Al- Nawafa 2012) Role of HRM in The Angel Hotel to achieve the purpose of the organization: In a hotel industry, the role of HRM is very important just like in any organization. Similarly, HR manager or the HR department has many roles while working in The Angels Hotel. They are mainly engaged in the strategy formulation, which is focused on the objective of the company i.e. the retaining and recruitment of the employees and increase the productivity. The department of human resources include controlling of the overall operations of the hotel business. The following are the roles that is performed by the Human resources department which helps in the fulfilment of the goals of the business. Training and Development: The specialist of Human Resources of Angels hotel involves creating programs of training and strengthening of the quality of the work of the organization. The training and the development would be including the creation of the training manuals, needs of training, facilitating training and see that the objective of training is met (Banfield and Kay 2012). Employee Acquisition: The development of the employees and hiring of the employees in The Angel Hotel would involve working of the human resources. The human resources manager tends to use the strategies for improving the skills of the staffs and increasing the production of the company Angel Hotel (Bohlander and Snell 2013). Management of Project: The Company The Angel Hotel sometime overlooks the deliberate method of planning when the project is being conducted. The hotel through the involvement of the human resources department will be remained organised through the outlining of the goals of the project, identification of the benefits and the costs and analysing the project risks. Management of Compliance: There might be some disputes emerging from the daily operation of the hotel then the human resources manager will be handling the disputes and the labour relations. The role of the department of the manager in the organization is familiar to that of the labour, wage and equal opportunity requirements. When there is a dispute between the employees and the employer then the strict compliance management will be helpful in the liabilities and the lawsuits. Quality and Cost Control: The costs in The Angels Hotel will be conserved through the development of the compensation package, employees assistance programs and materials of benefits. The training programs that are implemented must be based on the sound technology and the HR representative must be qualified to implement (Bondarouk and Olivas-Lujan 2014). The HR department of the hotel also looks into the quality control Role and the responsibilities of the line manager in The Angels Hotel in supporting the functions of HRM The Angels Hotel is a small hotel business that operates in the heart of the UK town so there is a need for line manager who would be looking into management and the recruitment of the employees. The following are the responsibilities and the role that is adopted by Line manager of The Angels Hotel: Engagement of the employees: The approach that is taken by the line manager involves supervising the employees for the employee management. There will be involvement of organizational culture for the teams that is created by the Line manager. The staffs when they have an open communication with the employees by the line managers then this would help in encouraging and engaging staffs working for The Angels Hotel. The line managers are being engaged so that they focus on the negative aspects of the staff performance and this help in boosting their own status, which help in creating disgruntled employees (Dessler 2013). Line manager will help in generating engagement of the employees. Appraisal related to performance: Line managers are responsible for the performance appraisal process in The Angel Hotel. The behaviour and the performance of the staffs is rated by the line manager. The one to one session of the line manager and the employee will help the line manager to resolve the queries of the staff. There is a need for the line manager to convey the message in the understandable and the sincere manner. Disciplining the employees: The line manager must bring discipline in the place of work through the teams. This will help in supporting the procedures and the policies, which will be produced by the department of HR. The commitment of the line manager for the enforcement of the rules is likely to influence the performance of the staff of The Angel Hotel. When any type of disciplinary action is taken against the staff members by the line manager is the casting back of the own behaviour (Dessler 2014). Pay which is related to the performance: When the pay structure of The Angel Hotel is related to the performance, then line manager will help in determining the direct reports for receiving a pay increase. The rating decided by the line manager will help in deciding on the amount of the increase that is received by the employees with the top performers of the hotel getting more than that of the average ones. Analysis of the legal and the regulatory framework that helps in affecting the HRM: Through the regulations and the laws, the provincial and federal government influences the HRM. The result is that the employers they should seeing that the managers and employees will understand obligation under the law. For example, the hiring decision must not be done based on the religion, gender race. The human rights legislation will help in creating a deepening impact on the management of the human resources. This will help in protecting the groups and individual from the harassment and discrimination in many areas of employment. Harassment would be including the unwelcoming behaviour or sexual harassment. Sexual harassment would be included in the private and the public sector. This is a global issue. This must be avoided as this would lead to severe consequences. There is a need for the organizations to consider the basic employment requirements, which include the minimum wage, the hours needed for the purpose of the work and overtime pay. Health and the security of the staf fs is very important and the organizations must adhere to this as it would include the maintenance and creation of the safe and healthy environment. The relationship between the employer and the trade union would be governed through the Labour Relations. The following are some of the Act about the Employment Legislation: Employment Rights Act 1996: This Act would be covering the wage rules, which would be including minimum procedures for the payment of wages, making unauthorised deduction of the wages as illegal. There is a need for the employer to provide a contract for the employment. Time off work included in the Act would help staffs avail the paid leaves write from the commencement of work and there is guidance provided to the paternity and the maternity leaves. Dismissal and Redundancy would be including requirements of the lay down by the companies so that they are able to adopt the dismissal procedures. This would help the employees to receive right type of compensation in case of the unfair dismissal from work from work. Dispute Resolution in the work would be including fair grievance and disciplinary procedure. Employment Relations Act 2004: This Act would be including the paternal leaves, Maternal Leaves, Employment tribunal awards, unfair dismissal of the strikers. Employment Act 2002: Resolution of the dispute at the place of work, improvement in the procedure of employment tribunal is included in the Act. Equal Pay Act: This Act would be signifying the equal payment for the both women and men. The Equal payment would be based on the job title and job content. Data Protection Act: This Act signifies keeping the data of the workers secured. This will help in establishing the 8-point rule that would help in keeping the personal data secured. National Minimum Wage Act: This Act will be applicable for the workers with the age of 22 years and over. This would be applicable to the full time, part time, casual, agency and piece workers (Wiņºniewska and Wiņºniewski 2012). The organization The Angel Hotel is facing troubles in managing of the staffs, as there is no proper HR manager to handle the department. This has resulted in the higher turnover of the employees. The Finance manager who plays a dual role i.e. HR manager and the Finance Manager handles the HR department. This shows that there is very little knowledge possessed by him. It was revealed that the planning with respect to the recruitment and the selection process was not in detail and there is a need for changing the recruitment process of the company. In this report, the reasons for the planning of Human Resources is evaluated, stages that should be included in the HRM process, comparing the current situation with that of the ideal organization, the effectiveness of utilising the ideal HRM strategies. Analysis of the reasons for the planning of the human resources: Through the systematic analysis, there would involve HR planning so that it will help in ensuring that there is right number of employees with necessary skills available when they are required. There is several type of task by the HR department, which includes the development of career, training, recruitment and services of retirement (Werner, Schuler and Jackson 2012). In case of HR Planning, it mainly involves the employment advertisement and recruiting of the right employees in the organization. There are series of actions that is undertaken by HR planning which includes the collection of the information, creating goals, objectives and making the conclusion for achieving the goals. The reason for HR planning is to check the number of employees that the company retained, types of workers the organization possesses, check the resources implementation and maintain the workers (Truss, Mankin and Kelliher 2012). An organization will be able to attain success and progress and this will help in creating an important part in the information system management. HR planning helps in overcoming the uncertainty through the alteration (Fischer-HuÃÅ'ˆbner, Katsikas and Quirchmayr 2012).There will be growth and improvement of the workers through the training. The employees needs are satisfied which helps in promotion and improvement in the salary. HR planning will help in developing HR assistance in the productivity structure, income and sales. Outlining the stages for planning the requirements of human resources: The case that has been shown should follow some steps for HR planning. The one-step that is followed is that there would involve the collection of the data based on the goals and the aims of the organization. The aims will help in determining where the company wants to look forward. The next step would be involving taking into consideration of the stock of the current workers. The HR record would be involving the data related to the ages, location, numbers and the analysis of the skills of the individuals. The next stage is the Auditing stage. This stage would involve the strategic environment analysis in the light of the strategic objective of the organization. The auditor will be looking into the things that has happened earlier and that would happen in the present in the terms of the lack in the turnover of the employees and the training costs (Torrington et al.2014). Identification of this information, would help the HR managers to forecast what is going to happen in the future to the HR in the organization. The step of anticipation helps in the investigation of the demand and supply in terms of the number and the quality of the person that is going to be employed by the organization so that it helps in meeting the requirements and helps in covering the accepted turnover (Gashi 2013). The next step in the Human Resources Plan, this would be including the HR Plans and career planning in the organization. The main reason includes the goals of the organization to be related to the organizing the good possibility for the employees growth (Smith 2012). The control and the monitoring would be included in the final stage for the HR planning. When the plan is accepted then it is need to be controlled. There is a need for the HR department for notice and view the availability of the resources (Rothwell et al. 2012). This would help in utilising the available talents in the most effective way. Comparing the process of the recruitment and selection in the organization with recommended organization: Recruitment is the process of finding out someone who wants to work for the organization, wherein the employees fill the application of the job and send to the organization (OÃÅ'ˆzbilgin, Groutsis and Harvey 2014). The process of selection would be involving selecting the right candidate for the post, the organization will be pointing out the right person they would be offering job. The recruitment can be external and internal. Internal recruitment involves recruitment carried out by the through the referrals by the employees. Job centre is an external form of recruitment. The recruitment plan of The Angel Hotel would most importantly include filling the vacancy in the organization. In order to fill in the vacancies, the hotel will be advertised normally. The job centres present locally, career fairs and other type of facilities are the options that they avail. It is quite important to target the right audience in the right manner. The selected candidate is called over the phone and then they are asked to come for a face-to-face interview (Mondy and Mondy 2014). During the time of the interview, there are a number of questions that are asked like the regarding the life goals, motivation etc. After this, they are to complete the psychometric and aptitude test. When comparing with the organization Tesco, it was seen that they advertise their vacancies in a different way. Tesco to fill up the vacancy looks into the internal employees. They try to move the employees up the position so that they are able to fill in the vacancy when there is no proper person to fill in the post through advertisements (Tesco.com 2016). Tesco also use external recruitment where in the management they advertise regarding the vacancies through the website. Apart from the vacancy boards, radio, magazines, television, newspaper and media is also used. The affordable way is used by Tesco to attract the correct applicant. The people they are able hear about the jobs, as the application process is quite simple. The online application on the website is a means where they will fill the application and then submit it (Mondy and Mondy 2012). The applicants they also have the option to apply through the CV by depositing in the Tesco stores. The Job Centre Plus can be used for registering as well. There are waiting list of applicants and the waited candidate is then called when there is a vacancy. The selection for the candidate for the chosen vacancy is done based on who is appropriate. The selection process would involve the screening of the candidates (I'Anson 2012). The recruiter in Tesco will look into the CV that is well written and who is suitable for the post. After passing the application screening then they give number of exercises, which includes the problem solving exercises or teamwork activities. Internal assessments when passed then the candidates are interviewed by the Line manager who deems whether they are fit for the desired position. Tesco has an ideal process and The Angel Hotel must follow this. Evaluating the effectiveness of the recruitment and the selection of the technique of the recommended organization: There is an important role played by the selection and the recruitment to determine the performance and the effectiveness of the organizations. The performance of the organization realises from the proper selection and the process of recruitment (Mathis, Jackson and Valentine 2014). The effectiveness of the organization will reduce when there is inappropriate selection of the candidate. The company should always be hiring the best talent so that they are able to remain competitive. The Tescos recruitment process generally starts when the employees they leave the organization (Islam and Ahsan 2013). The effectiveness of the recruitment and the selection for the company Tesco would help in the decision-making by the higher management so that the gap is filled. This will help in getting qualified and skilled applicants who would be doing the job. There is no distinguishing in terms of age, race, gender, caste or creed. The process of the recruitment and the selection process is quite expensive. This is a time consuming process as managers they need to decide the right applicant (Machado and Davim 2014). The use of advertisement is an extensive technique done and this need to be applied by both the organizations i.e. Tesco and The Angel Hotel. Conclusion: The planning for recruiting the employees is very important, as the growth of the business will be heavily relied upon the future demand of the workers. This will help the staffs, which are active to gain new responsibility, and there will be new recruits to fill up the vacancy. The Angle Hotel must follow the recruitment process of Tesco where the employees are recruited based on the behaviour and the skills so that there is development and growth. There is also a need to provide different ways to apply for the job by the candidate. Thus, the strength of the company will be revealed through the strategies of recruitment, procedure and exercise. Assessment of the link between motivational theory and reward at Virgin Media The worlds largest international cable company was created under the partnership of NTL, Richard Branson's Virgin Mobile and Telewest. Virgin media is part of the Liberty Global plc (Businesscasestudies.co.uk 2016). The employees are the main people, which help the organization to become successful in the competitive market (Muethel, Gehrlein and Hoegl 2012). Hence, it is important the employees should be motivated rather than just work for the organization. The main aim of the organization is that the employees should love what they do rather than being proud of what they do. In such a situation, motivation plays a role. However, the organization should be able to decide the type of motivation that will help the employee to work. Two types of motivation help the organization to motivate the employees, the extrinsic motivation and intrinsic motivation (Marler 2012). The employees can be motivated either through reward or by inner satisfaction when they do a work (Salvendy 2012). For intrinsic motivation, the recognition acts as the main source of motivation. The intrinsic motivation is provided to the employees of the organization by making them understand the importance of the employees in the organization and the role they play in the organization (Bratton and Gold 2012). Virgin Media holds a number of apprentice programs that includes works that could be carried out by using screwdriver rather than any heavy machinery (Businesscasestudies.co.uk, 2016). In this way, the individuals learn small things, which they can use in future jobs as well as in the organization. In addition to this, they are being taught customer services, sales, finance and health and safety issues. At Virgin Media, they understand the employees need motivation to work for the organization and make the organization successful. Thus, the importance of extrinsic motivation is brought in such a situation. ASPIRE is one such bonus scheme of Virgin Media (Businesscasestudies.co.uk 2016). The performances of the employees are seen through the net promoter. The net promoter is measurement tool with which Virgin Media measures the experience of the customers. The customers rate their experience out of 10 (Businesscasestudies.co.uk 2016). Once an employee get 9 out of 10 in the net promoter, the person is rewarded with 10. In addition to this, the employees are provided with the staff saving schemes, life assurance, heath care of the employees and the company pension scheme. The motivation provided by the organization can be understood with the help of Herzbergs two-factor theory of motivation (Ehnert and Harry 2012). The two factors explained by Herzberg are, hygiene factors and the motivational factors. Hygiene factors are the satisfiers which mainly consists of the salary of the employee (Banfield and Kay 2012). To support the hygiene factor there is the motivational factors. The reward and recognition that Virgin Media gave to the employees act as the motivators (Kim 2 012). It has been seen that due to the number of Herzberg like the apprentice programs, the score of the net promoter urged the employees to perform better. In this way, Virgin Media is able to provide the customers with good service and soar high in the market. Evaluation of the process of job evaluation and other factors determining pay at Virgin Media The job evaluation system is the way of measuring the worth if the jobs in the organization (Buller and McEvoy 2012). The evaluation of the jobs will help the organization to decide the types of employees they will require for the job. In addition to this, the evolution help the organization to dice the salary of the individuals who will be recruited in different positions in the organization. Virgin Media applies a salary administration program and the program helps the managers to determine the salary that is deserved by the employees in the organization (Businesscasestudies.co.uk 2016). The process involves the evaluating the value of the jobs within the organization. Virgin media does the job evaluation by applying two steps, job description and job evaluation. The job description involves the job responsibility that will come with the position. For example, an employee who is in a higher position will have more duties, which are intent than other duties. A junior employee will have less important duties. The second step is the job evaluation stage. Hay System is one of the famous system used in the United Kingdom. Virgin media also uses the Hay System that mainly evaluates three factors (Businesscasestudies.co.uk, 2016). The factors are: The knowledge that is required for good performance The complexity that the role of the decision-maker The control required for a particular position These factors are given a numerical value. The numerical value is then matched with a salary range of the employees. The numerical value decides the salary of the employees in the organization. The compensations of the employees are decided depending on the data of the survey that is carried out and the survey determines the pay for the employees for the next year. The result of the survey is presented to the managers who decide the salary range of the employees for the upcoming year. Assessment of the effectiveness is the reward systems at Virgin Media Rewards have always helped an organization to motivate the employees in an organization (Flamholtz 2012). Virgin Media have achieved the similar results. The employees took added interest in the workplace and came forward to help the senior managers at work. Virgin Media has rewarded the employees in different manners (Businesscasestudies.co.uk 2016). When on one hand, they have given the employee benefits, schemes and other monetary supports; on the other hand, they gave the reward in a different manner by giving them cars. The cars are not normal but from then Disney world. Any engineer who has performed well is given the car. This type of rewards not only gave the employees the energy to perform better but they also helped the organization by giving new ideas and techniques that will make the organization technologically advanced. Once the employees saw that the organization has implemented various schemes that will help them even after their retirement, they gave extra effort to help the organization to make it even better than before (Brewster and Mayrhofer 2012). The apprentice programs where the women could also learn the tactics of mechanics was hugely beneficial for the women. The women employees learnt new things, which they could apply in everyday work (Businesscasestudies.co.uk 2016). This in turn helped the organization. Whenever there was any small problem or technical fault at the workplace, the employees were there to solve the issues themselves rather than calling for an extra help (Stahl, Bjrkman and Morris 2012). The employees felt good because the organization thought of the enhancement of the career of the employees and they were always interested to learn new things at the office. Examination of the methods Virgin Media use to monitor employee performance The employees are given the motivation within the organization with the sole purpose that both the organizations as well as the employees are benefitted by the motivational factors (Bratton and Gold 2012). To know whether the employees are motivated, Virgin Media take measures to see the performance of the employees. By reviewing the performance of the employees, Virgin Media will be able to know whether the motivational factors are at all making any change in the organization (Buller and McEvoy 2012). Your Story Framework is one such system that is used by Virgin Media to assess the performance of the employees (Businesscasestudies.co.uk 2016). The senior managers conduct meetings regularly; evaluate the progress made by the employee by setting them against the objectives that are being set by the organization. Finally, depending in the progress of the employees, the future plans are being made in the organization. The plans will help the employees to have a clear idea about the goals and work accordingly. The Your Story Framework is transparent and consistent (Businesscasestudies.co.uk 2016). It gives a clear idea about the progress of the employees and the managers find it easy to decide the salary of the employees accordingly. The employees will also have a clear idea about their progress in the organization and they can make necessary changes in their way of work in the organization (Hendry 2012). Once the employees and the senior managers will have a proper idea about the per formance at a regular basis, it will help both parties to avoid the big mistakes and rectify the small mistakes to avoid bigger problems. Reasons for termination of Faisals employment contract with The Chicken Master and other reasons for cessation of employment Whenever an employee is employed in an organization, the employee is subjected to certain rules and regulations in the organization. (Armstrong and Taylor 2014) When on one hand, the duty of the employer is to take care of the employee, on the other hand, the employee has certain duties towards the employer and the organization. In the case of Faisal, he was asked to manage The Chicken Master. Managing The Chicken Master brought various riles and responsibilities that he should have abided to. Bob Jones who owns The Chicken Master has asked Faisal to look after the store, yet he found that the front store, which is the main place for business for The Chicken Master was not clean and not properly maintained. In addition to this, the kitchen was not cleaned. This gives an idea the person who cleaned the kitchen and the front store is not properly instructed. Moreover, Faisal failed to look after the work of the person who was given the duty of cleaning the spaces. The unclean kitchen a nd the front store was an indication that there was lack of supervision when the job was carried out. The second rule that was broken by Faisal was using the office computer for his personal use. When an employee enters The Chicken Master, he or she is given the instructions to not use the office computer for personal use. However, it was found the Faisal was guilty of using the office computer for e-mailing his wife and to do some of the homework of his daughter. Faisal even used the computer for designing a restaurant that he was planning to open. Thus, it can be said that he has not used the computer for personal use due to some emergency but for some considerable amount of time. He was even caught watching porn. Watching porn in office is soothing that was unforgivable by the employer and hence Faisal was terminated form the work. There are other reasons of cessation of employment in the United Kingdom (Budhwar and Debrah 2013). If the employee is suffering from some illness and was not able to carry out the job that person was assigned, then the organization can dismiss the employees (Renwick, Redman and Maguire 2013). However, it was somewhat unfair, as the person cannot stop the illness or any accidents. It will be the duty of the employer to either shift the employee to some department or give the employee work, which the person can carry out in spite of the disability (Nickson 2013). Redundancy is another issue when the employees can be dismissed (Kehoe and Wright 2013). However, it is not justified to dismiss an employee if the organization going through rough phase. This type of dismissal happens when the employer is not being able to support the employees in the organization (Aswathappa 2013). As the business is not going well, the employer is not in a position to pay the employees. Either the employer should give compensation to the employees or help the employees find different jobs before dismissing from the present job (Boella and Goss-Turner 2013). There is no mistake of the employees in this case, yet they are being dismissed because the employer is not able to support the employees in the organization. In such a situation, the employee can take legal actions against the employer or the organization or demand for compensation (Marler and Fisher 2013). The employment exit procedures used by The Chicken Master and Angel Hotel Both The Chicken Master and The Angel Hotel have their own rules of exit procedure from the organization. There are certain differences, while there are similarities between the organizations, there are certain distinctions as well. The notice period that should be served by the employees are same for the both the organization. If an employee wants to leave the organization, the person will have to serve detain notice period (Stredwick 2013). For a duration between one week and two years, the employee has to serve a noticed period of one week (Antonioli, Mancinelli and Mazzanti 2013). After the completion of two years, the duration of notice period will increase in the number of years. For example, the employee will have to serve two week of notice period if he or she wishes to leave the organization after the completion of two years. If an employee leaves after the completion of three years, then three weeks, after completion of four years, the notice period will be four weeks and i t will keep on changing accordingly. The provision of notice period buy out is present in The Angel Hotel. The Chicken Master does not allow any provision of buying out the notice period. The employee has to serve the mentioned duration if he or she wishes to leave the organization. On the contrary, The Angel Hotel lets the employee buyout the notice period. For example, the employee can pay the organization the salary of that period and leave the company on the day or resignation. For example, if an employee is eligible for one-week notice period then he or she will have to pay the payment of one week, if the notice period is of two weeks then the person have to pay the salary of two weeks and so on. The same rule applies for the employer as well for both the organization. The employer will also have to pay the employee before asking the person to leave depending on the duration of the work period in the organization (Armstrong and Taylor 2014). If the employer wants the employee t o leave the organization without letting him serve the notice period then the employer should pay the desired amount of money (Armstrong and Taylor 2014). However, both the companies arrange for exit interviews. The exit interviews are mainly taken when the employee wants to leave (Budhwar and Debrah 2013). The exit interviews are mainly taken by the employer to understand the issues the employee has faced in the organization (Renwick, Redman and Maguire 2013). Depending on the exit interviews, the employer will make the further changes in the organization (Nickson 2013). The issues are the factors where the organization are not able to take care of the employees and which are the areas where the organization should improve (Kehoe and Wright 2013). In addition to this, the exit procedure evaluates whether the employee holds any grudge against any other employee. If that is the case, the reason is asked to the employees. The steps taken for employee engagement are then evaluated accordingly. The impact of the legal and regulatory framework on employment cessation arrangements with an organisation such as The Chicken Master if Faisals claim was proven to be true Faisal has said that that Bob Jones has employed a woman after dismissing him from the job. The woman who had replaced Faisal is under the age of forty years. If the allegations made by Faisal are true then The Chicken Master will be held under the Sex Discriminations Act 1975. The act was mainly implemented to protect both men and women form any discrimination in school, either at home or at work (Legislation.gov.uk, 2016). The act promotes equality among men and women and prevents discriminations based on gender (Boella and Goss-Turner 2013). The act helps in establishing the equal opportunities commission. Thus, if the allegations of Faisal are true then Faisal can take The Chicken Master to the court and the court can take legal actions where The Chicken Master will be prohibited from repeating such kinds of act. Faisal, can claim monetary support from The Chicken Master (Aswathappa 2013). It has been seen that Faisal is an Asian, while the organization is in the United Kingdom. Thus, Faisal can also charge The Chicken Master under the Race Relations Act 1976. The act prevented the people in the United Kingdom from indulging in any kind of discrimination based on color, nationality of the individuals, ethnicity and the organ of the individuals (Legislation.gov.uk 2016). Commission for Racial Equality was established under this act (Legislation.gov.uk, 2016). Hence, Faisal can charge The Chicken Master for discriminating him based on race. If Faisal allegations are true, then also the court will charge The Chicken Master for discriminating him based on race (Marler and Fisher 2013). Faisal can also sue The Chicken Master in the basis of Disability Discrimination Act 2005. Though Faisal is not handicapped, yet he has aged. He thinks that the organization has acted against him due to his age. As he is aging, he thinks that The Chicken Master has replaced him with another younger employee, as age brings disability and hence, he could file the case against The Chicken Master in the basis of discrimination of age. The act was implemented to see that the none of the employees is discriminated based on disability (Legislation.gov.uk 2016). The employees should be treated equally in the organization and even if an employee is not able to perform well in the organization due to the age, then he or she should be given some other job where the person could perform (Stredwick 2013). If the person does not make any mistake, then the organization should not dismiss the employee (Antonioli, Mancinelli and Mazzanti 2013). If the allegations put by Faisal is correct and The Chic ken Master discriminated based on age with Faisal, then The Chicken Master will have to take Faisal back (Armstrong and Taylor 2014). The Chicken Master can also find employment for him in other departments (Renwick, Redman and Maguire 2013). If the allegations made by Faisal are correct then The Chicken Master will have to face the court due to the above-mentioned acts that have been implemented by the government of the United Kingdom. Thus, before implementing any kind of dismissals by an employer, the person should check the rules and regulations posed by the government and take the actions accordingly. Even if the employer is correct, then also a thorough checking is recommended before indulging in any kind of action. References Al- Nawafa, S. (2012). Jordanian Institutions Implementation of Human Resources Management Concept.International Business Management, 6(3), pp.299-303. Antonioli, D., Mancinelli, S. and Mazzanti, M., 2013. Is environmental innovation embedded within high-performance organisational changes? The role of human resource management and complementarity in green business strategies.Research Policy,42(4), pp.975-988. Armstrong, M. (2012).Armstrong's handbook of human resource management practice. London: Kogan Page. Armstrong, M. (2014).Armstrong's Handbook of Human Resource Management Practice. London: Kogan Page. Armstrong, M. and Taylor, S., 2014.Armstrong's handbook of human resource management practice. Kogan Page Publishers. Aswathappa, K., 2013.Human resource management: Text and cases. Tata McGraw-Hill Education. Banfield, P. and Kay, R. (2012).Introduction to human resource management. New York: Oxford University Press. Banfield, P. and Kay, R., 2012.Introduction to human resource management. Oxford University Press. Boella, M. and Goss-Turner, S., 2013.Human resource management in the hospitality industry: A guide to best practice. Routledge. Bohlander, G. and Snell, S. (2013).Principles of human resource management. Australia: South-Western/Cengage Learning. Bondarouk, T. and Olivas-Lujan, M. (2014).Human resource management, social innovation and technology. Bratton, J. and Gold, J., 2012.Human resource management: theory and practice. Palgrave Macmillan. Brewster, C. and Mayrhofer, W. eds., 2012.Handbook of research on comparative human resource management. Edward Elgar Publishing. Budhwar, P.S. and Debrah, Y.A. eds., 2013.Human resource management in developing countries. Routledge. Buller, P.F. and McEvoy, G.M., 2012. Strategy, human resource management and performance: Sharpening line of sight.Human resource management review,22(1), pp.43-56. Businesscasestudies.co.uk. (2016). Introduction - Motivating and engaging employees for better business - Virgin Media | Virgin Media case studies, videos, social media and information | Business Case Studies. [online] Available at: https://businesscasestudies.co.uk/virgin-media/motivating-and-engaging-employees-for-better-business/introduction.html#axzz4CEoX19eO [Accessed 21 Jun. 2016]. Dessler, G. (2013).A framework for human resource management. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson Prentice Hall. Dessler, G. (2013).Fundamentals of Human Resource Management. Harlow: Pearson Education. Dessler, G. (2013).Human resource management. Boston: Prentice Hall. Dessler, G. (2014).Fundamentals of human resource management. Boston: Pearson. Ehnert, I. and Harry, W., 2012. Recent developments and future prospects on sustainable human resource management: introduction to the special issue.Management revue, pp.221-238. Fischer-HuÃÅ'ˆbner, S., Katsikas, S. and Quirchmayr, G. (2012).Trust, privacy and security in digital business. Heidelberg: Springer. Flamholtz, E.G., 2012.Human resource accounting: Advances in concepts, methods and applications. Springer Science Business Media. Gashi, R. (2013). Strategic Human Resources Management: Human Resources or Human Capital.AJIS. Hendry, C., 2012.Human resource management. Routledge. I'Anson, J. (2012).You're Hired! Total Job Search 2013. Richmond, London: Crimson Publishing. Islam, M. and Ahsan, M. (2013).Recruitment and Selection Process of Prime Bank Limited. SaarbruÃÅ'ˆcken: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing. Kehoe, R.R. and Wright, P.M., 2013. The impact of high-performance human resource practices on employees attitudes and behaviors.Journal of management,39(2), pp.366-391. Kim, S., 2012. The impact of human resource management on state government IT employee turnover intentions.Public Personnel Management,41(2), pp.257-279. Legislation.gov.uk. (2016).Disability Discrimination Act 1995. [online] Available at: https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1995/50/contents [Accessed 21 Jun. 2016]. Legislation.gov.uk. (2016).Race Relations Act 1976. [online] Available at: https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1976/74 [Accessed 21 Jun. 2016]. Legislation.gov.uk. (2016).Sex Discrimination Act 1975. [online] Available at: https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1975/65 [Accessed 21 Jun. 2016]. Machado, C. and Davim, J. (2014).Human resource management and technological challenges. Marler, J.H. and Fisher, S.L., 2013. An evidence-based review of e-HRM and strategic human resource management.Human Resource Management Review,23(1), pp.18-36. Marler, J.H., 2012. Strategic human resource management in context: a historical and global perspective.The Academy of Management Perspectives,26(2), pp.6-11. Mathis, R., Jackson, J. and Valentine, S. (2014).Human resource management. Milestonehotel.com. (2016).Milestone Hotel London | 5 Star Boutique Hotel Kensington. [online] Available at: https://www.milestonehotel.com/ [Accessed 21 Jun. 2016]. Mondy, R. and Mondy, J. (2012).Human resource management. Boston: Prentice Hall. Mondy, R. and Mondy, J. (2014).Human resource management. Boston: Pearson. 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Tuesday, April 14, 2020

The Main Classifications of Political Systems free essay sample

Within the science of Politics there have been many studies into the different classifications of political systems. There are many different types of classifications but the three main and important classifications are that of Aristotle’s ‘classical’ classifications, the Three Worlds classification and Huntington’s ‘Clash of Civilisations’. It has been argued by many professionals that the most influential system of political classification is Aristotle’s ‘Classical’ Classification, devised in the fourth century BCE, which he based on his study of the 158 Greek city states which were in existence at the time, and thus being the very first political science argument in history. Aristotle argued that governments could be put into different categories on the basis of two fundamental questions. These questions where, â€Å"Who rules? and â€Å"Who benefits from rule? † He believed that Government â€Å"could be placed in the hands of a single individual, a small group or the many. † (Heywood: 2002: 27). We will write a custom essay sample on The Main Classifications of Political Systems or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Aristotle continued to argue that Government could be pushed in the direction of benefiting the interests of the rulers or in the direction of benefiting the community as a whole. He showed this in this table: Ruled By Who benefits? One Few Many Genuine Monarchy Aristocracy Polity Perverted Tyranny Oligarchy Democracy. In this table, which Aristotle constructed, he argued that Monarchy, Aristocracy and Polity where to be preferred because they benefited the majority of people, unlike Tyranny, Oligarchy and Democracy which only benefited the few who ruled. All in all, Aristotle had wanted to identify the ‘ideal’ constitution, and had. However, now Democracy is seen in a better light, and Aristotle’s argument has been made redundant by the creation of constitutional systems from the late eighteenth century onwards. The creation of the American constitution after the Wars of Independence, the radicalism in the French Revolution and the emergence of a new parliamentary government in Britain, all in the eighteenth century, showed that political systems where much more complex than had been thought in earlier times. Just as Heywood argues: â€Å"Traditional features of classification were therefore displaced by a growing emphasis on the constitutional and institutional features of political rule. † (Heywood:2002:29) Another classification of political systems is the â€Å"Three Worlds† classification. This typology believes that the world, as a whole, is split into three different categories, or ‘worlds’. The first world is that of liberal democracies and in other words: capitalism. The Second world is made up of communist countries. And, the Third world is that of poorer, less developed states which are generally undemocratic. Some political scientists agree with this type of classification, such as Francis Fukuyama, who claimed that liberal democracy was â€Å"the final form of human government. † (Fukuyama:1992) Yet, the â€Å"Three Worlds† classification keeps and groups together different types of regimes. For example, some of the Third World does not have all the characteristics which are tied with the Third world typology. Just because a country is poor does not mean it is undemocratic. It can be argued that The â€Å"Three Worlds† typology has just grouped together ‘the rest’ of the world, which do not fall under western or communist civilisation. Another flaw in the â€Å"Three Worlds† classification is that it is greatly influence by the Cold War, and only relevant to a small period in History. The final type of classification of political systems is that of Huntington’s â€Å"Clash of Civilisations. † Huntington’s theory was influential in the post-war period of the worlds as well as today. He implies â€Å"political culture has escaped in national moorings to embrace wider but still competing identities† (Hague Harrop:2004;102) and argues that the world has been re-classified, and this has been done terms of civilisations because within the world the greatest conflicts are between these 6 to 9 civilisations, which are: I. Sinic (Chinese)II. Japanese III. HinduIV. Islamic. V. WesternVI Latin America. VII Buddhist. VIII. Orthodox IX African. Huntington argues that since world views between each civilisation are so contradictory then there is no compromise, and continues this argument further by stating that â€Å"the most pervasive, important and dangerous conflicts will not be between social classes, rich and poor, or other economically defined groups, but most dangerous cultural conflicts are those along fault lines of civilisations. † (Huntington:1996:28). This wasn’t fully taken notice until the events of September 11th 2001, where these attacks maintained the proof that Huntington was right. Huntington also goes on to argue that cultural kinship influences the choice of sides in wars, for example, â€Å"in Yugoslav conflicts, Russia provided diplomatic support to the Serbs†¦not for reasons of ideology but because of cultural kinship. † (Huntington:1996:28) However, Huntington is unclear about what a civilisation actually is, stating some as religious and others as geographical, for example with Africa. There are many different types of civilisations within Africa, yet he groups them altogether under one civilisation because of where it is situated, geographically. This also raises the question of whether civilisations are really to blame for conflicts across the world. Most of the bloodiest conflicts in History have not been because of a clash of different civilisations, but are actually within these so called civilisations, such as wars in Africa, the wars between Iraq and Iran, and also the First and Second World wars. In conclusion, within Political Science there will always be different theories on different typologies or classifications of political systems, such as Aristotle’s ‘Classical’ classification, the ‘Three Worlds’ classification and Huntington’s ‘Clash of Civilisations. ’ Each are correct and just in their own ways, but also come with their own downsides. Such as Huntington not clearly stating the differences of each of his ‘civilisations’ and ‘Three Worlds’ classification becoming outdated by the fall of the Berlin Wall in the early 1990s.

Wednesday, March 11, 2020

The Movie Thirteen Days

The Movie Thirteen Days Leadership is an integral part of any organization. Leadership is needed in homes, schools, companies and government. The lack of quality leadership in all sectors of society can easily mean failure and the emergence of problems that can lead to poverty, anarchy, and a sense of hopelessness (Manning Curtis, 2003, p.5).Advertising We will write a custom report sample on The Movie â€Å"Thirteen Days† and Example of an Effective Leader specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More It is therefore important to study how a leader can become an effective leader. However, the topic is so broad and there are so many angles that one can use to analyze this important topic. In the case of this study the movie â€Å"Thirteen Days† will be used because in the heart of the film stands an effective leader. Through the leadership abilities of John F. Kennedy, the Cuban Missile Crisis was successfully resolved and through his decisions he prevente d a nuclear holocaust that could have consumed the world. Background The Union Soviet Socialist Republic (â€Å"USSR†) is a loose organization of states ruled by the Communist Party. It was also known as the Soviet Union and after the Second World War there was no other government that was as powerful as the USSR except of course the United States of America. Built on the ideals of communism it stood as at a sharp contrast to the political structure of democracy that is the feature of the U.S. government. Thus, after the rebuilding process that occurred immediately after World War II the United States could no longer deny the fact that the Soviet Union wanted to convert the world to communism. This was achieved through creating alliances and supporting revolutionaries to overthrow conventional forms of government and transforming it into a version of the USSR. The rapid increase in the capability of the USSR has greatly alarmed the United States (Huston, 1988, p.7). For many people it was clear as day that the Soviet Union is the oppressor and everything has to be done to prevent it from dominating the world. But it can be argued that the Soviet Union saw everything from a different perspective. The Soviets believed that they have what it takes to create a better world for everyone and they are willing to defend what they hold dear at all cost. In their desire to advocate the communist ideals and to deter others from interfering with their plans the Soviet Union funded the stockpiling of nuclear weapons (Busch, 2001, p.21). In addition the Soviets established alliances with China, North Korea, Vietnam, East Berlin and most importantly Cuba. This resulted in greater conflict with the United States that paved way for series of proxy wars in Vietnam and Afghanistan (Malkasian, 2001, p.12).Advertising Looking for report on art and design? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More But one of the most d aring moves by the USSR was to ship and install nuclear weapons to Cuba (Divine, 1988, p.13). This is the subject of the movie â€Å"Thirteen Days† in reference to arguably the most nerve of an Effective Leader specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More It has to be made clear that before assuming the office of the president Kennedy was a respected U.S. Senator even though at that time his youthful looks could have easily fooled everyone that he does not know anything about politics. His image received a major boost when he won the presidential election in the most convincing fashion considering the fact that he was very young when he decided to go for the highest office in America. His followers and his subordinates knew what he was capable of. It is easier for people to follow a winner than to follow someone perceived to be incompetent. It was a tremendous boost to the morale of any follower that their leader is a champion and willing to go t he distance with them. Group Members Immediately after Kennedy heard the intelligence report about the buildup of missiles in Cuba he immediately called for a meeting to determine how to resolve the conflict. The assembled group was comprised of select members of the cabinet and experts in Soviet relations and together they formed what would be known as the Executive Committee of the National Security Council or EXCOMM (Byrne, 2006, p.28). It can be said that President Kennedy surrounded himself with capable men. Consider the following dream team of talent. The Vice-President was Lyndon Johnson. The Secretary of Defense was Robert McNamara. The Secretary of State was Dean Rusk and the Attorney General was Robert Kennedy. All of these men are great leaders in their own right. If given the chance to shine and handle a crisis event each of these men can go through it and succeed. It is therefore important to realize that the president did not handle all the problems all by himself. He was assisted by equally capable and great men. Although Lyndon Johnson and Robert McNamara are heavyweights when it comes to leadership and their presence is a tremendous asset to the EXCOMM, it was the presidents brother, Robert Kennedy who proved to be the most important person among the presidents men.Advertising Looking for report on art and design? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Since he is a brother, the blood- relations allowed a great degree of trust. John Kennedy can confide to his brother and he knew that he will not be betrayed. There is a commonality or a shared understanding that the success of one is also the success of the other. Robert Kennedy was the presidents secret weapon because he can ask somebody for advice and he knew that there is no hidden agenda, he can be assured that Robert Kennedy is giving him an advice not because he can get something in return but simply because it is the best course of action that the president can take. In addition the brother was a sounding board and it is easier for the president to visualize the impact of a decision or an idea after he was able to go through it with his brother. Characteristic and Traits The successful resolution of the crisis is attributed to the leadership traits and character of President Kennedy. There are three things that has to be highlighted in this regard. The first one is his intel ligence. The second one is his resolve. And finally his courage made the difference. Combining all these three characteristics produced in him leadership traits that did not only inspire confidence but respect. This is very important because at the end of the day the president was not only expected to influence his team, his subordinates and even his own countrymen; he also has to influence his enemies. The first thing that strikes the audience while watching the film was the sharp intellect of the president (Koestenbaum, 2002, p.279). It is a given that a person cannot become the president of the United States if he does not possess above average IQ. But in the case of the president the kind of intelligence that he brought with him to white house is beyond the academic type of knowledge. He combined everything with what he knew about politics, international relations, conflict resolution, and combined it all together with a wisdom that was beyond his years. He was able to rise up a bove the noise and the distractions to see the big picture and acted on it based on what he believes can diffuse the tension and save the world from total and imminent destruction. The first demonstration of his intellect is his realization that the First World War was the by-product of a series of errors, assumptions, and forced moves. The president wondered aloud the possibility that the Cuban Missile Crisis is similar to what transpired in the early part of the 20th century when nations were pulled into a conflict that forced them into a wall and that there was no other option but to fight (Hilsman, 1996, p.18). He made it clear that he is willing to explore alternative solutions because he believed that war should not be the last resort. The decision of the president to take it slow and to use the power of diplomacy to diffuse the problem is a case study in how a president should behave in times of conflict, most especially a president who controls a powerful army that has a des tructive capability that can destroy millions of lives. His example could easily benefit leaders in the 21st century who seemed to be obligated to go to war instead of using every resource available to maintain peace. While the rest of the national leaders were dictated by protocol and the bitter and negatively affected by the bitter outcome of the Cold War, John F. Kennedy refused to be swayed by the emotions that threatened to divide his team (Edwards, 2005, p.8). Thus, it must be said that aside from his exceptional intelligence another characteristic of the former president was his resolve. The moment that he locked on to a particular course of action he stayed the course. He was not distracted and he was not forced to change his strategy. While everyone was crying out that the president is about to commit a blunder, Kennedy was not persuaded to reconsider. This is not arrogance and this is not the behavior of a dictator but the action of a leader who believed that others are ab out to commit a major mistake by suggesting that they strike first. Finally, the most important leadership trait that he demonstrated during those tense moment in October of 1962 that help averted disaster was courage. The president was under fire and there were so many people opposed to his strategy and yet he was not afraid to face them all. More importantly, many of the powerful leader under his command were making decisions out of fear of a Soviet nuclear attack. This fear clouded their judgment. It is understandable why they feared the first strike capability of the Soviets. They knew what a long-range nuclear warhead can do. It can be launched from submarines and it can be launched from Cuba. If the Russians decided to launch the missiles then the United States had a few minutes to respond (Borovik, 1990, p.17). By that time the response is not enough to counteract the destructive power of the nuclear warheads but to simply launch their missiles to destroy the Soviet Union â⠂¬â€œ a mutually destructive course of action. It is therefore more beneficial to strike first. But it turned out that the Soviets had no plan to strike first. What would have happened if the president was terrified of what would happen to his life and decided to launch U.S. nuclear warheads? The Russians would respond and assure the mutual destruction of both countries. Internal Environment It has been said that effective leadership is the function of the leader, followers, and situational variables (Dubrin, 2010, p.19). This can be interpreted to mean that the leader is the by-product of his environment. In the case of John F. Kennedy his leadership brilliance found a platform wherein he can demonstrate what he can do. It can therefore be argued that without the institution of democracy in the United States and the laws and traditions that govern the election of a president as well as the creation of a system of checks and balances it would have been impossible for Kennedy to be i n command of one of the most powerful nations in the world. The democratic form of government created a division of power that prevented the president to act without consulting others and without gathering support from other branches of government. This enabled the president to tread carefully. One can just imagine if the American presidency has unlimited powers, then it is possible for Kennedy to act without consultation and no one knows what would be the outcome. In addition the four year term of the presidency calls for election every four years. This ritual made it necessary to form a team and a party to handle the campaign. Through this process a team was built and relationships were formed. Kennedy used the people in his campaign to help run the country during his term as president. The internal environment during the Cuban Missile Crisis was hostile to the president. The pressure that he felt from his own people and from his own generals forced him to become the best that he could be. The generals were men bound by rule and traditions. They interpret actions based on these rules and therefore they could not understand why the president would deliberately delay the order to conduct preemptive strikes against Cuba. For them the mere fact that missiles are being installed is the signal to go to war and they cannot afford to place the U.S. in a disadvantage position. But Kennedy saw beyond the rules of engagement and made the decision not to provoke the Soviet Union into armed conflict. External Environment The greatest test to Kennedys leadership capabilities is the Soviet Union and its Communist Party headed by Secretary Khrushchev. The Soviet Union were determined to show the world that they are a dominant force. This means that they will not take orders from any president especially one coming from their arch-nemesis the United States government. They can insist that there is nothing wrong with arming their ally Cuba. They can also argue that their acti on is not without precedent because the United States had installed missiles in other countries. The Russians could not afford to look weak in the international stage (Isby, 2002, p.10). It was the careful handling of the situation that showed proof of Kennedys leadership capabilities. The most amazing example of leadership is when John Kennedy instructed Robert Kennedy to create a graceful exit strategy for the Soviet Union. He had a clear understanding of human nature. He did not believe that people are moved by force alone. He also believed that people can be made to agree using diplomacy and respect. He respected the leader of the Soviet Union to the point that he did not want him to be embarrassed in international political arena. As a result Khrushchev agreed to dismantle the missiles in Cuba. Conclusion Leadership is the by-product of the characteristics of the leader, followers, and the environment. Nevertheless, a great leader shines though because of courage, resolve and i ntelligence. John F. Kennedy had an overabundant supply of all three. He used his intellect to transcend beyond rules, traditions, and past conflicts and saw that a nuclear holocaust is not an option. He used his resolve to stand firm even though high-ranking officials of the U.S. government showed little faith with his proposed solution. Finally, he showed courage when everyone wanted to react in fear. His courage gave him the ability to withstand the pressure and thus making the right decisions all the way. He may have saved the lives of millions of people because he demonstrated how to be an effective leader. References Barnes, John. (2007) John F. Kennedy on Leadership. New York: AMACOM. Borovik, Artyom. (1990) The Hidden War: A Russian Journalist’s Account of the Soviet  War in Afghanistan. New York: Grove Press. Busch, Andrew. (2001) A Ronald Reagan and the Politics of Freedom. MD: Rowman Littlefield Publishers. Byrne, Paul. (2006) The Cuban Missile Crisis: To the Br ink of War. MN: Compass Point Books. Divine, Robert. (1988) The Cuban Missile Crisis. New York: Markus Weiner Publishing. Dubrin, Andrew. (2010) Leadership: Research Findings, Practice, and Skills, 6th ed. Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage Learning. Edwards, Lee. (2005) The Essential Ronald Reagan,  MD: Rowman Littlefield Publishers. Hilsman, Roger. (1996) The Cuban Missile Crisis. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. Huston, James. (1988) Outposts and Allies: U.S. Army Logistics in the Cold War. New Jersey: Associated University Press. Isby, David. (2002) Russia’s War in Afghanistan. UK: Osprey Publishing. Koestenbaum, Peter. (2002) Leadership: The Inner Side of Greatness.  New Jersey: John Wiley Sons, Inc. Malkasian, Carter. (2001) The Korean War. University Park, IL: Osprey Publishing. Manning, George and Curtis, Kent. (2003). The Art of Leadership.  New York: McGraw-Hill. Northhouse, Peter. (2010) Leadership: Theory and Practice, CA: Sage Publications. Schier, Helga. (2008) Cuban Missile Crisis. MN: ABDO Publishing.

Monday, February 24, 2020

Should the tv media (television shows and ads) be required to present Essay

Should the tv media (television shows and ads) be required to present women in a realistic and respectful way at all times - Essay Example Most people have different views, and this is what we will try to explore and come up with our point of view by the end of the day (Parker and Adrian 1-4). Different writers have featured on this topic, and this is where we will get ideas and arguments so that we can come up with a substantive opinion on the topic. First, I think television should and must present women in a respectful and a more realistic way all the time. The reason behind this is that women play important roles in our society, and most people look unto them as their role models (Richmond and Hurtman 58-59). For instance, when a child is being brought up, he or she believes that her mother is always right. However, when they grow up and understand what the world means to them, they start to change they mentality and way of view on very many issues. One of the things that greatly influence them is the role and impact of media on their lives. Televisions plays are important role in our lives as they give and update us on all the information on what is happening both locally and internationally (Berger 16-29). Almost every household can afford a television in our homes today and easily accessible to our children. Most of the advertisements that are aired on television focusing on various products use women to convey these messa ges. A good example could be women who are used to advertise toilet soaps where most of them are mostly naked. From a recent study, it showed that women are mostly used as sex objects in most television adverts. This study mostly focused on specific environment under certain conditions. The main aim of this study was to help promote gender stereotypes in response to social views and perceptions. Behavior was also an important factor was also considered. This is because this is where young children and teenagers where they learn and emulate these people as their role models. In most cases, television advertisements are normally very persuasive and suggestible.